Positive changes in state policies, charging infrastructure and investments in manufacturing help boost adoption

After a nosedive in sales during the months of March, April and May for EVs in India, the last two months have registered a strong rebound, bringing numbers back to levels seen before the lockdown restrictions due to the COVID-19 second wave. At 26,127 units, July witnessed a month-on-month growth of 134.8%. This is thanks to a sudden spike in the sales of electric two wheelers following the changes in FAME II subsidies, which are particularly beneficial to two-wheelers.

Industry reactions terming the FAME II revisions as a game changer set to be vindicated sooner than anyone expected. Around 17% of the overall EV sales were from Uttar Pradesh, followed by Karnataka at 15%, Tamil Nadu at 12% and Maharashtra at 10%. All of these states have announced new or revised EV policies aimed at boosting sales and manufacturing. The strong growth since the beginning of the year has also been attributed to surging fuel prices that have seen several upward revisions in the petrol and diesel prices since early 2021.

Source: Vahan Dashboard, JMK Research
Note: Sales figures represent EVs registered across 1,304 RTOs in 33 states/ UTs
Source: Vahan Dashboard, JMK Research
Note: Sales figures represent only high-range E2W (Top speed > 25 kmph) registered across 1,304 RTOs in 33 states/ UTs

Electric two-wheelers

Receiving the maximum subsidy benefit from revisions in FAME II, EV two-wheeler prices are lower than ever before. And end users have taken note. Two-wheeler EV sales in July witnessed a month-on-month growth of 229% and a year-on -year jump of 853.8%. It is encouraging to note that lesser known brands for EVs like PurEV, Bajaj and TVS also contributed significantly to sales.

Electric three wheelers

At 10,873 units, three wheelers registered a month-on-month growth of 89%. This is attributed to the growth in sales of passenger type 3Ws, which jumped to 93.83% over last month, but cargo 3Ws dropped by 10%.

Electric four wheelers

These witnessed a month-on-month growth of 66%, year-on-year growth of 173.16%, and also the launch of three new models – Audi e-tron 50 and 55, and Tata Xpres-T EV. MG increased its share from 20% to 29% within a month, but Tata Motors witnessed a 10% drop in sales in July, compared to June.

Positive changes in policies and charging infrastructure

In July, Maharashtra and Rajasthan announced new EV policies with attractive demand side incentives that bring down the upfront cost of EVs. Since the start of 2021, many states like Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat and others have revised or released new EV policies.

Along with state governments, private players too are focusing on improving the EV ecosystem. In July –

  • Magenta EV set up India’s largest public EV charging station in Navi Mumbai. This one of its kind station functions 24×7 with chargers for two, three and four wheelers.
  • Tata Motors and HPCL signed an agreement to provide end-to-end charging stations and HPCL’s retail outlets.
  • Convergent Energy Services Ltd also signed and agreement with HPCL to set up charging infrastructure in select retail outlets in Mumbai, Delhi NCR, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata and Pune.
  • MG Motors India and Fortum Charge&Drive India set up a 50kW Superfast public charging station in Pune.

Further, Ola Electric raised $100 million from Bank of Baroda to invest in manufacturing of e-two wheelers from OlaFactory, the world’s largest two-wheeler manufacturing plant set up in India. Switch Mobility Automotive, Ashok Leyland’s EV arm, received an investment of $18 million. No doubt that July has been a bright spot in the EV space, after a few somber months. But whether these upward trends represent winds of change for India’s EV sector or reflect a temporary blip, is yet to be seen.